An attorney for Ronald Huskins II said his client was under the influence of marijuana and alcohol when the Bible was stolen in 2011.
The Bible was printed in 1859 and had been used by the Palmyra Masonic Temple since 1866.
Lenawee County Judge Margaret Noe told Huskins that the loss has caused "irreversible sadness and pain."
Huskins didn't speak in court Thursday.
Huskins won't start his six-month sentence until he completes his current classes at Monroe Community College. He must pay $545 for the Bible and $1,250 in other legal costs.